Malawi is a landlocked country in southeast Africa that was formerly known as Nyasaland. It is bordered by Zambia to the northwest, Tanzania to the northeast, and Mozambique on the east, south and west. The country is separated from Tanzania and Mozambique by Lake Malawi. Malawi is over 45,560 square miles with an estimated population of 16,777,547. Its capital is Lilongwe, which is also Malawi’s largest city. The second largest is Blantyre and the third is Mzuzu.
Malawi is among the world’s least-developed countries and supports a multipart democracy. The economy is heavily based in agriculture, with a largely rural population. The Malawian government depends heavily on outside aid to meet development needs, although this need (and the aid offered) has decreased since 2000.